ACCESSORY

"Legal Lexicon":
ACCESSORY - He who is not the chief actor in the perpetration of the offence, nor present at its performance, but is some way concerned therein, either before or after the fact committed.
An accessary before the fact, is one who being absent at the time of, the crime committed, yet procures, counsels, or commands another to commit it. It is, proper to observe that when the act is committed through the agency of a person who has no legal discretion nor a will, as in the case of a child or an insane person, the incitor, though absent when the crime was committed, will be considered, not an accessary, for none can be accessary to the acts of a madman, but a principal in the first degree.
An accessary after the fact, is one who knowing a felony to have been committed, receives, relieves, comforts, or assists the felon.
No one who is a principal can be an accessary.
In certain crimes, there can be no accessaries; all who are concerned are principals, whether they were present or absent at the time of their commission. These are treason, and all offences below the degree of felony; such is the English Law. But whether it is law in the United States appears not to be determined as regards the cases of persons assisting traitors.
It is evident there can be no accessary when there is no principal; if a principal in a transaction be not liable under our laws, no one can be charged as a more accessary to him.
By the rules of the common law, accessaries cannot be tried without their consent, before the principals.
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English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典). 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • accessory — ac·ces·so·ry also ac·ces·sa·ry /ik se sə rē, ak / n pl ries [Medieval Latin accessorius subordinate matter, accomplice to a crime, from Latin accedere to go to, agree, assent] 1: a person who is not actually or constructively present but with… …   Law dictionary

  • accessory — ac‧ces‧so‧ry [əkˈsesəri] noun accessories PLURALFORM 1. [countable] something that you add to a machine, tool, car etc so that it can do other things or in order to make it look attractive: • They sell software and computer accessories. • a… …   Financial and business terms

  • Accessory — may refer to:*Accessory (legal term), a person who assists a criminal but is not present at the crime *Accessory (band), with members Dirk Steyer and Ivo Lottig *Fashion accessory, i.e. an item used to complement a fashion or style *Video game… …   Wikipedia

  • accessory — [ak ses′ər ē, əkses′ər ē; ] also [ ə ses′ər ē] adj. [ML accessorius < L accessus, pp. of accedere, ACCEDE] 1. extra; additional; helping in a secondary or subordinate way 2. Geol. occurring in minor amounts in a specified rock; nonessential… …   English World dictionary

  • Accessory — Ac*ces so*ry (#; 277), a. [L. accessorius. See {Access}, and cf. {Accessary}.] Accompanying as a subordinate; aiding in a secondary way; additional; connected as an incident or subordinate to a principal; contributing or contributory; said of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • accessory — n 1 appurtenance, adjunct, *appendage Analogous words: concomitant, *accompaniment: *addition, accretion, increment 2 accomplice, abettor, *confederate, conspirator Antonyms: principal …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • accessory — [n1] ornament; accompanying item; supplementary part accent, addition, adjunct, adornment, appendage, appendix, appliance, appurtenance, attachment, component, decoration, extension, extra, frill, help, supplement, trim, trimming; concept 834 Ant …   New thesaurus

  • Accessory — Ac*ces so*ry, n.; pl. {Accessories}. 1. That which belongs to something else deemed the principal; something additional and subordinate. The aspect and accessories of a den of banditti. Carlyle. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) Same as {Accessary}, n.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • accessory — (also accessary) ► NOUN (pl. accessories) 1) a thing which can be added to something else to make it more useful, versatile, or attractive. 2) a small article carried or worn to complement a garment. 3) Law a person who helps someone commit a… …   English terms dictionary

  • accessory — n. accomplice 1) an accessory to (an accessory to a crime) 2) (legal) an accessory before the fact; an accessory after the fact optional equipment 3) auto (AE); matching; skiing; smoking accessories * * * [ək sesərɪ] an accessory after the fact… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • accessory — accessary, accessory These two words come by different routes from the same Latin source of our word accede. In AmE, accessory is dominant both as a noun and as an adjective, and it has fast become so now in BrE, although accessary is still used… …   Modern English usage

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